Your brain is your control centre
Your brain is the most important organ in your body. It is part of your central nervous system (CNS) and controls essentially everything you do. Containing billions of cells, your brain is constantly sharing messages through trillions of pathways so you can live your life to the fullest.
The human brain is made up of three main areas; the brain stem, cerebellum and cerebrum. Your brainstem is responsible for breathing, heart rate and sleep. The cerebellum is associated with balance and coordination. And, the cerebrum, which makes up most of your brain, has many functions. It is divided into two parts called hemispheres. The right hemisphere is generally associated with language while the left manages our ability to understand and mentally manipulate objects in 2 and 3-dimensional spaces. Each hemisphere, which is connected by nerves that share messages, has four lobes:
- The frontal lobe controls executive functions like emotions and judgement, reason, problem solving, decision-making, language, planning, motivation and attention.
- The temporal lobe processes memories and integrates them with your sense of taste, sound, sight and touch
- The parietal lobe processes information about touch including temperature, taste, touch and movement
- The occipital lobe is responsible for your vision.